Saturday, May 23, 2020

Research On The Learning Of An Educational Setup Essay

1.0 Introduction New Zealand social researchers Carl Davidson and Martin Tolich (1999) point out that ‘research fulfils three roles – exploring, describing and explaining’ (as cited in Mutch, 2005, p. 16). Research helps to add more qualitative information to an existing body of knowledge or helps to decipher a problem existing in an educational setup. Sometimes, research tends to bring into light certain issues that required attention. Baumfield and Butterworth (2005) suggest that ‘engagement in research by teachers has a positive impact on the learning of the pupils in their classrooms’ (as cited in Menter, Elliot, Hulme, Lewin, Lowden, 2011, p. 14). Having taught General Science to primary and middle school students (ages 9-11) and Chemistry to secondary section students (ages 13-15), I have observed a change in the students’ approach towards the study of Science. As the students progressed to higher grades, they started losing their interest in science. Applying scientific concepts in practical scenarios became a challenging process and yet, many continued to study science simply due to the pressure of choosing a career in the field of medicine or engineering. 2.0 Aim of my research As a science teacher, lesson planning involves setting specific learning objectives and predicting the expected outcomes. On learning a scientific concept, the students are taught to build up on the concept and eventually look at the final scientific theory that resonates with theirShow MoreRelatedLiterature Review: Ideas of Social Justice and Equity in Psychology and Education1121 Words   |  5 Pagesunderstanding of social change as changes in habits patterns, social relationships, establishments, and social framework in time (Hoff Hickling-Hudson, 2011, p. 189). Nevertheless, Hoff and Hickling-Hudson discovered this insufficient from an educational perspective since of its value-neutral position. They liked a meaning that would offer social change a undertone of social development or social advancement useful to society (p. 189). For this reason, they selected the meaning proposed by AloniRead MoreBuilding A Space Where Student And School Success Are Measured Not Only By Standa rdized Test Scores930 Words   |  4 Pagesidea is to build a space where student and school success are measured not only by standardized test scores but by the impact of community uplift. The vision of the Upset the Setup Academy is to establish a school for fourteen to eighteen year old students grounded in identity, community, and service as the pillars of learning, that leverages student experimentation, trust, and shared access to power and decision-making. This will be a place where students defined as at-risk by the traditional schoolRead MoreIs Education An Agent Of Socialization? Essay1607 Words   |  7 Pageswould research the history and development of education and its role as an agent of socialization on individuals. Using religious studies, I would look into the varying views of different beliefs and their definitions of what education, knowledge, and success should mean to a human being. By collaborating my knowledge in both religious studies and sociology to comp are the ultimate purpose and meaning of educational success in regards to both societal standards and religious belief, this research canRead MoreTeacher Leadership : The Things2724 Words   |  11 PagesHowever, despite the constant focus of research on this subject, the topic still lacks an appropriate definition and the context of the applications it provides is still not very much clear (Cranston, 2000). The efforts are being made for the actual insights of teacher leadership and its roles in the success of an educational setup. It is now clear that every educational setup like schools or college needs some teachers as leaders for better adoption of educational changes, which are the constant partRead MoreEducational Approaches The Froebel And Montessori Methods1577 Words   |  7 Pages The question of just what educational approach will best serve the needs of children as their educational and developmental needs become clearer over time comes up repeatedly on the topic of education and over the centuries of history as our society figures out just what it expects from the system of education. The purposes of this research paper will be to summarize and compare/contrast two different educational approaches the Froebel and Montessori Methods. This paper will not definitivelyRead MoreModern Gadgets1550 Words   |  7 PagesRelated Literature and Studies The researchers made a thorough research on the different writings and gathered the studies conducted from various sources such as, Internet, articles, blogs, theses, books and other researches in relation to the study. These sources helped the researchers gather relevant information for their study. Literature to be discussed includes usual functions of modern gadgets, how much do students use the gadgets and most essential function of gadgets. Modern Gadgets. AccordingRead MoreDifferent Types Of Adult Learning1744 Words   |  7 Pages Emancipatory Education Project Name: Course: Instructor: Date: Introduction Emancipatory is among the different types of adult learning. The aim of it is to give freedom to the learners to limit their control and options in their lives and enable them to take actions which bring change to their political and social change. Emancipatory learning emphasizes that the transformation in a learners life can only take place in an adult’s life because it is only in adulthood or adolescence thatRead MorePlanning For Professional Development Of Teachers1627 Words   |  7 Pages Thus, education for teacher growth is an ongoing and continuous process. To be a teacher is to be a seeker of knowledge throughout one’s lifetime in the aspects of permanent learning and development and in technology revolution; not a teacher who is limited in knowledge and skills acquired in the institutions of the setup. In the future, I would like to work in the field of Education as a school leader that heads a group of teachers. As is the case were any leader is taking care of the members ofRead MoreLearning Theories That Can Be Understood And Enforced By Administrators1676 Words   |  7 Pagescourse work. The thing to remember about learning is that it is ever changing. Teachers must adapt in order to accommodate the new learning styles presented throughout a period of time. When thinking of learning, change is a main concept that should be understood and enforced by administrators. Teachers know what works for them and what works for their students. The education 500 class has taught students that understanding their own styles of learning can help better instruct those around themRead MorePros and Cons of Differentiated Instruction1373 Words   |  6 Pagesclosely paraphrasing, you MUST enter an in-text citation (authors last name, year of publication). Kory wants at least three reference s per APA paper. Even if you dont quote or paraphrase, if you used a resource for research, you must include it in the references. q I think the setup I have below is correct. I use the Perrla program and have an APA 5th Edition Manual. I think its still the latest, but am not 100% certain. Also, some universities/professors stick to strict APA while others (my former

Monday, May 18, 2020

Impact Of Using Data Analysis For Online Businesses

Impacts of Using Data Analysis for Online Businesses A Thesis Presented to The University of Reading Han Yao July, 2016 Thesis Statement This thesis aims to better understand data and its impacts on online business marketing strategies. By evaluating the data you can develop new marketing strategies such as: real-time pricing, price optimization, personalised product or service suggestions, cross selling, as well as improving the shoppers experience while improving the bottom line. By studying the positive and negative impacts of data on an online business, one can better understand where their marketing should focus. Taking into account all information given through data analysis gives the business the tools for a†¦show more content†¦However, customers are extremely concerned about privacy and secure issue due to they need to fill out the personal and credit card information in the progress of online shopping. But in all, online shopping is an inevitable trend and it is believed that the market of online shopping will keep growing in the future. What is the definition of big data? What the difference between big data and data? Figuring out these two questions can help us to comprehend big data in depth. Big data has been defined as the data that is too big to be analyzed by traditional methods. Generally speaking, there are five characteristics for big data: data volume, data variety, data velocity, data variability, and data complexity, which were also known as the five dimensions for big data.3 Data volume means that the measurement of the units of data storage. Data variety indicates the diverse forms of data. Data velocity has been defined as the velocity of data producing and processing. Data variability means that the data flow could be inconsistent. Data complexity indicates that the data is hard to analyze. Also, the five dimensions of big data can be seen as the differences between big data and data. Figure 1.13 shows the dimension diagram for big data. Figure 1.1 Dimension diagram for big data Reproduced from reference 3 No matter if you are looking at data or big data, it is no value without analysis. So if managers really want to use big data to create

Monday, May 11, 2020

Nativism Race and Immigrants - 2159 Words

Nativism is the feeling that immigration and foreigners are detrimental to native-born Americans. Unfortunately, nativist’s feelings are not based on political convenience or logical theories, but on ignorant assumptions that produce religious, racial, and cultural discrimination. Many nativist groups or individuals, both in the past and presently, have one thing in common- the fear of not being in control. The basic thing one has to see is that misinformation and short-sighted fear can often produce the absence of fairness and human dignity. The Ku Klux Klan was a racist group who also committed atrocities in the name of nativism. The KKKs were formed because many people were started to get afraid of the â€Å"rising power of the blacks† and†¦show more content†¦Why is it that the old immigrants did contribute to the advancement of the American economy and the newer immigrants are people who are just useful for menial jobs? One hopes that society’s judg ment of present immigration is not determined just on their color of skin. The problem with American society is the pessimistic attitude they obtain when things are not going their way. As Harry Truman wisely said, â€Å"A pessimist is one who makes difficulties of his opportunities and an optimist is one who makes opportunities of his difficulties!† Economically speaking, immigration is beneficial for the American economy. Several arguments are given to try to prove this wrong. Some may say that immigrants take away jobs from Americans. But what jobs? Most immigrants work as maids or janitors, jobs that Americans do not want to do. What would the U.S. do without immigrants who are willing to do humiliating jobs for scarce amounts of money? Or maybe these critics of immigration are talking about the few amount of immigrants who want to excel and become successful? The anti-immigration people feel threatened and fear that these â€Å"minorities† will surpass the â€Å"native† Americans and they will no longer be able to control and manipulate these â€Å"ignorant, gullible immigrants.† Another argument is that immigrants receive more than their fair share of welfare benefits. But yet again in actuality immigrants pay their fair share of taxes. JulianShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Nativism1490 Words   |  6 Pagesmillions of Chinese people to immigrate to the United States. For immigrants, the U.S. represented the American Dream; an ideal that anyone can achieve success through hard work and determination. But what did the American Dream for immigrants mean for the future of everyday Americans? How would the influx of Chinese immigrants affect their opportunity, their American Dream? As a result of concerns such as these, the belief in Nativism became strongly held by the American people, which was commonlyRead MoreNativism and Racism after the Civil War663 Words   |  3 Pagesperspective in Nativism and Racism. Both of these ideologies have various differences with definite degrees being successful during the elements of American history. Elements contained by immigrant groups or policies such as the â€Å"Jim Crow Laws† or â€Å"Ku Klux Klan† have significantly reformed patterns within America’s settlements. The term â€Å"nativism† is appealed for ethnic, religious, cultural or racial reasons. It is also referred as discrimination based on where you come from. The upsurge of nativism was causedRead MoreImmigrants Coming to America867 Words   |  3 PagesIn the late 1800’s and early 1900’s many immigrants came to the United States for a better way of life. I chose this particular question because I am first generation American. My parents were born in Sicily; my great grandparents came to the United States in the early 1900’s. My grandmother was born in the United States 1904, although she was born in America her parents did not choose to remain in the United States. Longing for their home land my great grandparents moved the family back toRead More2.) To What Extent Did The Coming Of The Harlem Renaissance1483 Words   |  6 Pages2.) To what extent did the coming of the Harlem Renaissance represent a social and Cultural Revolution in the United States? Did all accept this renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance gave the black race new culture identity. The renaissance was very artistic, musical and literary. There were more black writers during this time. Not as many as white, but still it was a movement in the black identity. They were showing America that they could do as much as whites could and do it as good. The HarlemRead MoreAnti- Immigration Attitudes in America Essay608 Words   |  3 Pa gesracism and nativism affect people by racially driven hate crimes and the overall human treatment of immigrants and foreigners today, and must be changed by first changing the anti-immigrant attitudes in America. The social structures of politics and laws affect both immigrants and U.S. citizens alike and can only be changed by reforming America’s immigration system. Racial prejudice and nativism are still social issues that define our present reality and affect us all. Everyday, immigrants in AmericaRead MoreBilingual Education For The United States843 Words   |  4 PagesGlossary: Asylees are foreigners that have been admitted to the United States and are unable or unwilling to return to their home country due to persecution or fear of persecution. They need protection from persecution based on their race, religion, membership in a social group, political opinion, or national origin. They are capable of applying when they are in the United States or at a point of entry. Bilingual education is a program in which children are taught their native languageRead MoreRacism And Nativism1083 Words   |  5 Pages1. What is nativism and xenophobia and how are they being expressed in today’s society? (20 points) - Nativism is known as a policy in which protects native born people from immigrants that are seen to be a threat or dangerous. Xenophobia is an intense fear or prejudice against people from other nations. Nativism can be seen today when thinking about politics, President Trump wants to â€Å"build a wall† to keep the immigrants from coming into the united states because in his eyes and some others, theyRead MoreImmigration In The 19th Century Essay895 Words   |  4 Pagesthe creation of America would not have been possible. The majority of immigrants came to America for religious freedom and economic opportunities. However, for the most part before the 1870’s most immigrants were Protestants from northern and western Europe. These immigrants often migrated to the United States as families and usually lived on farms with family or friends who had already migrated beforehand. A lot of immigrants came to America with a plan or goal in mind. They often had saved up mone yRead MoreRacial And Ethnic Stereotypes That Feed Discrimination1652 Words   |  7 Pagesthere are millions of immigrants who make up roughly 15 percent of the population. An immigrant is any individual who comes to live in foreign country permanently where they are not originally born. Even though there are such high population rates for legal immigrants, there is still immigrant bashing that occurs. Which consists of immigrants being constantly tormented and belittled because of their ethical background. Alberto G. Mata and Catalina Herrerias describe immigrant bashing and politiciansRead MoreEssay about Nativists Response to Immigration920 Words   |  4 PagesNativist’s Response to Immigration Immigrants have been seeking salvation or just new opportunities in America for hundreds of years. Even Americans originally started off as immigrants. They came to settle in this New World to seek opportunities. These types of immigrants were white, strong, leaders and felt they were superior. In the mid nineteenth century, the â€Å"new† immigrants were also welcomed. According to President Grant, these â€Å"new† immigrants were the weak, broken, and crippled people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Fossil Fuel is Running Out - 974 Words

With the growing concern of the depletion of the world’s fossil fuels, finding substitute resources has lead to an increased interest in both the idea of sustainability and renewable energy sources. As the world slowly progresses towards this idea of renewable energy, many people are wondering which renewable energy source will last the longest. Though all renewable energy resources are better than the current depleting fossil fuels, the most promising renewable energy resource will depend on where the problem lies geographically. Therefore, for the northeast region of the United States, specifically Massachusetts, wind power proves to be the most promising renewable energy source due to the recent contracts made by the state with wind†¦show more content†¦These benefits can include cutting production costs and having a better reputation with their customers. However, when choosing which renewable energy source will work best for a specific firm, there is no unanimous decision across the board. As previously stated, the most promising renewable energy source depends on where the firm is located because â€Å"different parts of the country have different energy needs† (2). For our firm’s purposes, wind power is the most promising renewable energy source because of some recent legislative actions to reward firms who change to wind power, the geographic location of Massachusetts and the establishment of the â€Å"burgeoning clean energy industry in Massachusetts† (Mass.Gov 1). The following portion of the memo will discuss how each of these aspects makes wind power the superior renewable energy choice for the state of Massachusetts. On January 16, 2009 Governor Deval Patrick announced his â€Å"ambitious wind energy agenda, on land and offshore† to the people of Massachusetts (1). Within this plan contained the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center’s (MassCEC) Commonwealth Wind Program (CommWind). CommWind provides â€Å"site assessments†¦feasibility studies†¦ and development grants for projects that pursue construction† for all firms and homes that decide to use wind power as their main source of energy (MassCEC 1). In addition to being compensated if a company chooses to turn to wind power, â€Å"the Department of Public Utilities has †¦ signedShow MoreRelatedThe World After Running Out Of Fossil Fuels Would Be A1602 Words   |  7 PagesThe world after running out of fossil fuels would be a horrible place for living. life would be hard and harsh. This is the case for us if we couldn’t find new energy resources. Nowadays, many countries are reliant on energy from conven tional sources like crude oil, natural gas, and coal. These sources are limited and they eventually will run out at some point in the future. Considering this fact and increasing demands for energy, the search for new energy resources is reasonable and it should beRead MoreThe worlds fossil fuels are running out. With the average amount of time it takes for coal to form1000 Words   |  4 PagesThe worlds fossil fuels are running out. With the average amount of time it takes for coal to form being 300 billion years, the earth can only renew them so fast. Fossil fuels, like coal and oil take the earth billions of years to reproduce so an effective alternate energy source must be explored. Fossil fuels or crude oil has been around for a long time and can be refined to form a number of products such as gas, gasoline, kerosene, gas oil or diesel. We are also running out of oil which is alsoRead MoreUnited States Energy Crisis During 1970 Essay examples1271 Words   |  6 PagesThe ene rgy crisis of the 1970’s caused authorities to search out other renewable sources of energy, which currently remain undeveloped and keep the U.S. today generally dependant on foreign fuel. According to Merriam Webster dictionary, a crisis is a â€Å"difficult or dangerous situation that needs serious attention.† The energy crisis of the 1970’s produced a backlash that affected much of the economy and spread fear and panic over the United States. Energy Crisis (1970’s) states that the crisis officiallyRead MoreThe World s Dependence On Fossil Fuels1706 Words   |  7 PagesDependence on Fossil Fuels Introduction: When you think of fossil fuels what comes to mind? Perhaps you think of the massive oil rigs set up around the world or maybe your mind wonders to how fossil fuels formed in the Earth millions of years ago. Truthfully the full extent of our usage of fossil fuels around the world is widely not realized. Around the Christmas season as you decorate your Christmas trees consider this: if your Christmas tree is artificial then it is likely manufactured with fossil fuelsRead MoreCivic Engagement: Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy1631 Words   |  6 Pagespolicies have been set into motion by both governmental parties and are currently trying to authorize programs that will engender economical energy efficiency by agreeably relying on renewable energy rather than fossil fuels. There are many advantages and disadvantages to converting to fossil fuels but whether you agree or not, renewable energy is the future of the United States. Energy production is vital to the United States. The United States current main reliance for energy is importing oil and otherRead MoreRenewebal Energy: Wind power Essay774 Words   |  4 Pages Nowday, we use the fossil fuels for many things. Fossil fuels are the fossils of plants and animals that died. We need fossil fuels for electricities, cooking, and even shampoo we use every day. The most common fossil fuels was coal, oil, and gases, but now scientist estimated that after 150 years, we will be running out of fossil fuels. Another fact was that the digging up the fossil fuels create a huge amount of pollution, and it really harms the environment.The best solution was using the windRead MoreIn Today’S World There Is A Huge Debate Going On About1177 Words   |  5 Pagescreation is more important than the protection of the environment. This number is very alarming considering that there has been several studies conducted showing that our continued use of fossil fuels h as been damaging the environment at an alarming rate. In order to fix this problem, a transition from these fossil fuels to cleaner energy is necessary. Clean energy sources include solar power, wind power, hydropower, geothermal energy, or anything else that includes an inexhaustible resource. These sourcesRead MoreFossil Fuels : An Alternative Source Of Energy1715 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Fossil fuels have been keeping our country running for quite a long time, throughout our history. The reason why fossil fuels have been so instrumental in our production of energy is the increase in technology. Technology has brought the world ways to dig into the earth and extract oil, which we have been doing quite a bit more of as late. The problem with this increase in drilling and digging for fossil fuels is that there is only so much of it, and cannot be created, or reused. OnceRead MoreA Research Group On The World1355 Words   |  6 Pagesthe fastest growing fossil fuel globally is? That would be coil. You know what remains the most widely consumed fossil worldwide? Oil. In the future when oil runs out, coil will take its place in dominant primary energy source. China account for 45.5% of global coal production followed by the US with 13.4% and India with 6%. . In case you have not notice, the fossil fuels on our are running out. There are many approaches that can be taken to help save these fossil fuels for future generationsRead MoreReusable Energy : Solution For Our Fossil Fuel Crisis978 Words   |  4 PagesReusable Energy: Solution to our Fossil Fuel Crisis Could you imagine a world without cars? Could you imagine a world without lights at school? Can you imagine a world where you can t charge your electronic devices? How will you walk to school on a super cold day if you lived a mile away? How will our school provide heat in the winter? Our rich black gold is running out! Where will people get our power from? According to, reusable energy is defined as saving our planet with less

American Slavery Free Essays

Political Points of View: American Slavery In the autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, writes of the Incident when he defends himself against the cruel Mr. Covey. Harriet A. We will write a custom essay sample on American Slavery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Jacobs also writes in her autobiography, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, of the time she decides to escape from her owners. Spirituals were extremely emotional songs that were often sung by American slaves. Harriet Tubman, a famous â€Å"conductor† or guide that helped free slaves, was interviewed and her stories were published of what she s an abolitionist went through. One similarity they all have is after being pushed too far, they resist against their suppressors. Douglas’s way of resisting injustice was defending himself against Mr. Covey. Mr. Covey was a cruel man that Douglass was loan out too. â€Å"l resolved to fight. † what was Douglass determined as he equally hurt Mr. Covey who had beat him previously day after day. I believe Frederick Douglass did the right thing even though extremely risky. Harriet A. Jacobs also resisted injustice by escaping her owner, Mr. Flint, and oing to hide at relatives or friends houses, but close enough to keep an eye on her children. â€Å"l groped my way tothe road.. † a quote Jacobs wrote in her autobiography of when she escaped. Even though though risky, Jacobs escaped to try and keep her children safe. knowing that If she took them with her they would give them away or they wouldn’t be touched by Mr. Flint since he believed she would return for them. Both went to hardships but found ways and the strength to rise up. Harriet Tubman created the underground railroad. which allowed many salves to scape to the free states. Tubman ,herself a former slave, was the most wanted fugitive of the era and although knowing the dangers still continued leading the underground railroad. Tubman tried to get her brothers to Join her to freedom but they refused. However, she didnt let that stop her. â€Å"She walked off alone, following the guidance of the brooks which she observed to run North. † Many American slaves were also known to sing spirituals. Spirituals tended to have codes, or expressed on how Americans slaves really felt about slavery. Spirituals were â€Å"moving and intensely emotional songs. In a sense I feel spirituals created a sad, depressing atmosphere, since many songs were sung that way. However, many were Spirituals were extremely helpful to Tubman and others to become free. Many American slaves were too afraid to rise up, but a few did. How to cite American Slavery, Papers

American Slavery Free Essays

Political Points of View: American Slavery In the autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, writes of the Incident when he defends himself against the cruel Mr. Covey. Harriet A. We will write a custom essay sample on American Slavery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Jacobs also writes in her autobiography, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, of the time she decides to escape from her owners. Spirituals were extremely emotional songs that were often sung by American slaves. Harriet Tubman, a famous â€Å"conductor† or guide that helped free slaves, was interviewed and her stories were published of what she s an abolitionist went through. One similarity they all have is after being pushed too far, they resist against their suppressors. Douglas’s way of resisting injustice was defending himself against Mr. Covey. Mr. Covey was a cruel man that Douglass was loan out too. â€Å"l resolved to fight. † what was Douglass determined as he equally hurt Mr. Covey who had beat him previously day after day. I believe Frederick Douglass did the right thing even though extremely risky. Harriet A. Jacobs also resisted injustice by escaping her owner, Mr. Flint, and oing to hide at relatives or friends houses, but close enough to keep an eye on her children. â€Å"l groped my way tothe road.. † a quote Jacobs wrote in her autobiography of when she escaped. Even though though risky, Jacobs escaped to try and keep her children safe. knowing that If she took them with her they would give them away or they wouldn’t be touched by Mr. Flint since he believed she would return for them. Both went to hardships but found ways and the strength to rise up. Harriet Tubman created the underground railroad. which allowed many salves to scape to the free states. Tubman ,herself a former slave, was the most wanted fugitive of the era and although knowing the dangers still continued leading the underground railroad. Tubman tried to get her brothers to Join her to freedom but they refused. However, she didnt let that stop her. â€Å"She walked off alone, following the guidance of the brooks which she observed to run North. † Many American slaves were also known to sing spirituals. Spirituals tended to have codes, or expressed on how Americans slaves really felt about slavery. Spirituals were â€Å"moving and intensely emotional songs. In a sense I feel spirituals created a sad, depressing atmosphere, since many songs were sung that way. However, many were Spirituals were extremely helpful to Tubman and others to become free. Many American slaves were too afraid to rise up, but a few did. How to cite American Slavery, Papers

Physiological Principles for Health

Question: Discuss about the Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care? Answer: Introduction This study is based on the understanding of the different physiological principles and the knowledge of the normal physiology of the service users, in order to provide a complete and comprehensive care services to the service users. It has been seen that detailed knowledge of the human physiology allows the service users to provide the efficient care to the service users. The study describes the normal physiology of the human body including the skeletal and the muscular systems and their coordination to promote the growth of the body. The importance of the routine measures to provide the efficient care plan for the service users has been described in this study. Discussing the body systems and its main anatomical features The Skeletal system consists of the bones and the framework of bones that provide the structure to the body, The skeletal system consists of the association of the bones along with the muscles to allow the body to maintain balance and establish effective movements.The Muscular system provides the flexibility and the coordination of the body and allows the body to move. The muscular systems consist of the muscles and the soft tissues that are connected to the muscles and the bones and thus help the body to move freely. The Digestive system is concerned with the digestion of the food particles that are ingested through the mouth. The digestive system consists of a stomach and the pancreas along with the pancreatic juices and the other enzymes, that are involved in the breaking down of the complex food into simple units to be readily used up by the cells for their metabolism (Kim and Chung, 2015, p.8942). The Circulatory systemof the human body is involved in the circulation of the oxyg enated blood from the lungs to the heart to the different parts of the body, to allow cellular respiration and metabolism, and the transportation of the deoxygenated blood from the different parts of the body to the heart and to the lungs for the oxygenation. The Urinary system of the human beings specifically functions in the excretion of the waste materials that are produced after the reabsorption through the kidneys. The Endocrine system is concerned with the production of hormones, which are needed for the growth of the body and the development of the body activities and body features. The Lymphatic system constitutes the lymphatic vessels that are a part of the body system of the human beings that deals with the elimination of the toxins that have been accumulated in the body over a specific time period. The decisions that are generally made by the body, are controlled by the Nervous system of the body (Blum et al., 2012, p.115). It ensures that the neurones, that are the struc tural and functional unit of the nervous system, carry the responses from the external environment to the brain and the spinal cord and the responses are accordingly generated. It enables the body to maintain coordination with the external environment. Figure 1: Human Anatomy (Source: Blum et al. 2012, p.115) Immune System The immune system of the human body is involved in providing the immune protection or immunity to the human body. These constitute the fighting ability of the body against the foreign particles or pathogens that enter the body, through various routes and causes infection. The immune system of the body consists of specialised cells inside the body including the macrophages, the natural killer cells, the lymphatic cells, the white blood cells and the antibodies. Whenever a foreign particle or antigen enters the body, the first line of immunity continues to act on the particle to eliminate them, and these include the macrophages and the white blood cells. Further, if the particles are unable to destroy and eliminate the antigen, specialised and specific immune cells called the antibodies comes into play and eliminates the antigens (Brodin et al., 2015, p.39). Figure 2: Immune System (Source: Brodin et al., 2015, p.41) Reproductive System The overall system of the reproduction in the human beings is controlled by the reproductive system of the body. The reproductive system in the males consists of the penis and the testes that are concerned with the production and the release of sperm. In females, the reproductive systems constitute the ovaries and the vagina, which are involved in the production of the ovum or the eggs. The reproduction stages and the reproductive ability of the human beings appear after a definite time period and are tightly regulated inside the body. The stage at which the reproductive phase of the human beings develops is referred to as the puberty age. The reproductive units become highly functional and are accompanied by the hormonal regulation of the reproductive organs (Sweeney et al., 2015, p.352). Figure 3: Reproductive System (Source: Sweeney et al., 2015, p.353) Respiratory System The respiratory system is involved in the respiration in human beings. On account of the respiratory system, the air is taken in or inhaled through the nose. The air contains a variety of gases including oxygen and passes through the windpipe, to the lungs and in the alveoli; the air is filtered for oxygen, which is dissolved in the nearby blood vessels. This mechanism is important as the cells of the human body undergo the cellular respiration and cellular metabolism, at the expense of the dissolved oxygen in the blood (Haid et al., 2016, p.3066). Figure 4: Respiratory System (Source: Haid et al., 2016, p.3067) Discussing the role of cellular metabolism and the body growth in the context of the Growth Hormone The normal functioning of the body is available on account of the coordination of the cellular metabolism of the body corresponding to the growth hormone and its secretion. In the cellular level, the cells of the body metabolise and this process is referred to as the cellular metabolism. The major aim of the metabolism is the generation of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP). These may occur in two phases, catabolism and anabolism (Devaraj et al., 2013, p.622). In catabolism, the larger molecules are broken and a large amount of smaller molecules and a huge amount of energy is generated. On the other hand, in anabolism, the smaller molecules are aggregated to form the larger units, by the utilisation of energy. Figure 5: Catabolism and Anabolism (Source: Devaraj et al., 2013, p.621) The growth hormone is related to the external and the internal growth of the human body. The Somatotropic cells of the Pituitary gland are concerned with the production of the Growth Hormone (GH). As stated by Mady (2013, p.80), the fat cells contain the receptors that bind the growth hormones and the division of the cells occur. Correspondingly it is accompanied by the growth of the organs and the body parts. After a specific period of time, the production of the GH stops and the normal growth of the body are hindered. Therefore, it may be ascertained that the growth of the body is coordinated by the growth hormone. Explanation of body response to physical activities (ref: appendix 1) The human body is a machine that needs energy for survival and growth. As supported by Haskell et al. (2009, p.281), physical activities is a critical part of the healthy life living. Due to the increased pressure in the modern work culture, the activities of the normal human being have become limited. This has resulted in the occurrence of different diseases and deteriorating the health of a normal individual. Different physical activities like exercises, running, swimming and yoga help an individual to remain fit and healthy. These activities result in the rigorous functioning of the organs in the human body, which increases their capacity and longevity. The first system that is heavily affected by physical exercise is the respiratory system of the body. Daily activities help in increasing the capacity of lungs to inhale more amount of oxygen. This assists in delivering more energy as well as oxygen to the muscles and organs of the body thus strengthening it. Running raises the dem and for more oxygen in the body as the process involves excessive loss of oxygen and energy. Thus, every organ in the body tends to work rigorously for obtaining energy for the body. It also affects his digestion system I an effective manner. Due to an excessive need of energy, the digestive organs of the body tend to work harder which increases the metabolism rate. Thus, the body absorbs every source of energy that is given to it in the form of food. Proper digestion of the food results in proper excretion of the waste products from the body. Thus, every organ of the body tends to function properly and increases the overall stamina and standard of health of the individual. As supported by Waxman (2005, p.164), the exercise results in strengthening the muscles and smoothening the joints due to which the limb movement and coordination get better. Thus, increases his reflex and keeps him active for a longer period. Explanation of body responses of physiology as well as cellular and tissue structure (ref: Appendix 2) A human body is composed of different types of cells that create tissues. Every organ and muscle in the body is made of tissues. Proper training and exercise help in better muscle expansion and contraction thus increasing its mass as well as strength. As suggested by Heaphy and Dutton (2008, p.145), due to the regular exercise the muscles functions rigorously which result in its demand for more oxygen. Thus, proper nutrition helps in its faster recovery and strengthening. Every limb in the body tends to become stronger and active with time. The muscles in the body get stronger and faster as well due to regular exercise. The locomotion of the movable joints gets smoother with excessive exercise thus, resulting in non-occurrence of joint issues. The exercise also increases the heart rate thus, resulting in more and faster blood circulation in the body. Due to loss of oxygen, the heart beats faster for delivering more oxygen through blood to every organ and limbs of the body. This resul ts in better blood circulation and better transition and distribution of nutrients in the body. The loss of excessive energy results in the rigorous functioning of the digestive system in the body. Due to which the metabolism rate increases and results in better absorption of the nutrients for recovering more energy. The respiratory system of the body increases which fastens the rate at which the lungs inhale and exhale gases. The carbon dioxide in the body is the waste product that occurs due to the functioning of the every organ in the body. Thus, the body tends to replace it with the oxygen, as it is the pure source of energy. The lung capacity of absorbing or collecting oxygen increases due to exercise thus helps in providing the body with more amount of energy in the long term. As supported by Rose and Woolsey, (1949, p.450), every organ in the body is made up of a cell such as a wall of stomach, intestines, kidneys, muscles, neurones, blood and lymph. Explanation of coordination of internal activities by the human body (ref: Appendix 3) Due to regular exercise, every organ of the body tends to work properly and co-ordinately. Every system and organs of the human body are interdependent. Without proper functioning of even one system would hamper the overall health of an individual. Proper body functioning requires the contribution from every organ. The whole process of absorbing the energy and excretion of the waste product is known as homeostatic. The process involves the absorption of the necessary nutrients from the food that is consumed. After exercise, the body requires the huge amount of energy for recovery. Thus, the respiratory system works harder to gather oxygen for the body and distribute it among the main organs for proper functioning. As the food reaches the stomach, the digestive system, which includes liver and pancreas, works hard to digest it and absorb the available nutrients from it to fulfil the need of energy. As supported by Bouillon et al. (1995, p.240), the endocrine system in the body produces or secretes hormones that provide that control with the activity of the organs. It helps in increasing the metabolism of the body thus, enabling its growth. The automatic nervous system regulates the internal organs of the body such as the heart, liver and muscles in the body. The nervous system activates the organs at the right time when it is required by the body. It controls the heart rate as per the need of energy in the body. It also regulates the activity of the liver for proper digestion of the food as per the requirement of energy by the body. The role of the kidney can be said as excreting the waste products in the form of fluid from the body. It excretes the waste, as it is harmful to the body. The kidney also produces vitamin D that is necessary for keeping the bones strong and healthy. As supported by Featherston et al. (1973, p.128), it regulates the production the red blood cells in the body. Skin in the human body provides protection from the external elements such as germs, pollution, temperature, radiation and chemicals. Explaining the ways of recording the routine measures and their impact in Healthcare From the case study, it has been evident that the individual suffers from obesity. Therefore, it is essential to measure the blood pressure and the condition of the heart. Moreover, the temperature and pulse of the patient are required to be monitored effectively. As stated by Chen et al. (2013, p.1), it is important for the service providers to provide and treat the individual with respect and dignity. It allows the service providers to communicate with the individual and assess the areas of comforts and discomforts of the individual. The temperature and the pulse allow the service providers to obtain the immune status of the body of the individual. As the body temperature increases, if the interaction with antigens is noted. Therefore, if the body temperature is noted to be high, it may be ascertained that the patient may have contracted with infection. The Blood pressure is to be monitored to measure the condition of the blood flow. As the patient is affected with obesity, if the blood pressure is high, the patient may experience the stroke. Therefore, as mentioned by Bradley et al. (2016, p.488), the conditions of the heart are needed to be measured regularly by monitoring the blood pressure and the Electrocardiographic analysis of the heart. It is important to note that the atherosclerosis is not observed on account of obesity as it may lead to stroke or heart attack in the patient. Assessing the importance of the routine measures in obtaining the body status of the person The temperature of the body reveals whether the body interacted with the foreign infections or particles or not. Therefore, if the body temperature of the patient is monitored, the immune status of the body may be determined. Further, if the body temperatures are high, blood Temperature tests are advisable for the patients to confirm the immune status of the patient.The pulse determination is essential for the patients as the pulse reflects the functioning ability and the stability of the heart of the patient. As the patient suffers from obesity and chest pains, the pulse Pulse determination is essential to monitor the condition of the heart, to prevent the chances of stroke ( . Santana et al ., 2015, p.1711) Blood Pressure The blood pressure is routinely measured especially in the patients suffering from obesity, as a number of body functioning are related to the blood pressure. The blood pressure may measure the status of the blood vessels of the individuals as the patient may develop atherosclerosis and therefore the strokes may be prevented. ECG The Electrocardiogram (ECG) measures the status of the heart. As the patient experiences pain in the chest and is affected by obesity, it is important to monitor the status of the heart, to prevent the chances of heart attacks on account of deposition of cholesterol in the blood vessels ( ., 2012, p.107) Carlier et al Table 1: Importance of the routine measures Examining the importance of these reports on the care planning of the individual In a case of the problems associated with the blood pressure of the individual, the service providers ensure that the excessive cause of hypertension is not evident on the service users. Moreover, in this case, the excessive exercises and provision of comfortable and less strenuous exercises led to the development of effective care plan for the individual. Monitoring the pulse is essential for the service providers in preparing an effective care plan for the individual (Smith and Street, 2013, p.122). This is due to the provision of the minor exercises and if the condition of the obesity is found to be more, the individual is provided with exercises and body activities, which may increase the functioning of the heart. The reports of the body temperature provide the information to the care providers that the individual may be affected with the antigens or foreign infections. In this case, the blood tests may be prescribed to the individual and the conditions are maintained by the serv ice providers that does not increase the detrimental effects of the pathogens. The Electrocardiographic analysis of the heart reveals the state of the heart of the individual. Medicines may be prescribed by the doctors and the care may be adopted by the service users to avoid the detrimental consequences of atherosclerosis and heart attacks (Kennedy et al., 2013, p.f2882). Explaining the impacts of her age on the body structure and functions It has been observed that the age of the individuals has a direct relationship with the structure and the functioning of the body. The recent studies indicate that the body mass and the muscle mass of the individuals decrease with age (Tiggemann and McCourt, 2013, p.626). It has been seen that the functioning and the flexibility of the bones decreases with age. In this case, Mary is 78 years old and she suffers from osteoarthritis and diabetes and moreover the increase in the age increases her tendency to fall. Therefore, she experiences fear of falling on account of the lack of the effective body balance that she used to have when she was young. Further, the amount of physical activities that she was able to perform at the younger age has been considerably reduced. Moreover, according to Schousboe et al. (2013, p.173), the hormonal imbalances are seen and this led to the cause of diabetes. On account of the lack of physical exercises, Mary was unable to undergo walking and physical exercises. Moreover, she feels dizziness and her ability to take decisions decreased in this case. This resulted from the decrease of the myelin sheath around the neurones and this led to the lack of the decision-making the ability of the individuals. Assessing the impacts of the conditions on her body structure and function It has been observed that amount of the physical activities of the individuals continue to decrease with age. This lack of the physical exercises lead to the lack of the ability to perform and the loss of the body balances are evident. As suggested by Schuna Jr et al. (2013, p.915), this may lead to the loss of body balance and ultimately lead to the falls and accidents on Mary. Moreover, the lack of the outing and interactions with the society are evident on Mary. As a result of this, the cognitive decision-making ability of Mary consequently decreased, and this has been sourced to the decay of the myelin sheath around the neurones. This has been accounted due to the lack of the body activities and the increase in the age of the individual. Therefore, in this case, Mary is unable to take decisions and always experiences fears, helplessness, and imbalances. As she is 78 years old, she experiences a higher rate of cell death as compared to the younger individuals. This lack of exercises may lead to the development and the detrimental effects of diabetes. She may have a higher blood sugar and a number of additional consequences may occur including the diabetic foot and diabetic retinopathy (Fischer et al., 2014, p.380). Relating the effects of her medical conditions and infections to routine care As she has diabetes, it is important for Mary, to be assisted by the service providers to be taken out for walk and exercises. This will reduce the fear of falls as she is assisted by the service providers. In this case, the service providers are required to provide the diet to her, according to the strict charts, to maintain a stable blood glucose level (Thifault et al., 2013, p.79). In this case, she may experience falls and accidents and the wounds will be difficult to heal on account of her diabetic conditions. Further, the assistances by the service providers will enable her to go out in the surrounding and maintain a stable interaction with the community. This may improve her mental and nervous states as she may be able to communicate effectively with the locality. As she experiences falls, the better communication with the service providers will enable them to prepare a risk assessment plan for Mary and accordingly implement the plan to promote a person-centred care for her. This may improve her mental health and allow her to communicate and undergo walks or exercises in the surroundings. Her lack of balance due to osteoarthritis may be minimised to some extent, on account of the balanced and controlled diet and regular exercises (Yu et al., 2016, p.A6882). Conclusion From the above studies, it may be ascertained that the routine measures are conducted on the individual patients and these routine measures provide the information about the body function and the physiology of the individual. Further, this allows the service providers to prepare a specific care plan and a risk assessment plan for the individual patients, thus allowing them to provide a person-centred care to the individual service users. 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